gum disease explanation

What is Periodontal Disease? According to your Local Redcliffe Dentist

As your Local Redcliffe Dentist knows, Periodontal Disease (also known as Gum Disease) is an inflammatory disease which affects the structures that support our teeth.

Periodontal disease is often seen as a ‘silent’ disease as many people don’t realise they have it until the symptoms become more obvious.  It is prevalent in all age groups, not just the elderly.

Our mouths are full of bacteria, which are constantly forming a sticky coating on our teeth called plaque.  Brushing and flossing can help get rid of this plaque but if it isn’t removed, it can harden and form tartar.  Only a professional cleaning by a dentist can remove this tartar.

Periodontitis occurs when this gingivitis isn’t treated.  Gums pull away from the teeth and form spaces (or gum pockets) which become infected.  The body’s immune system fights the bacteria as the plaque spreads and grows below the gum line.  Bacteria and the body’s natural response to this infection starts to break down the connective tissue and bond that hold teeth in place.  If not treated, the teeth will eventually become loose and need to be removed.

Risk Factors
1.         Smoking – smoking is one of the most significant risk factors with the development of gum disease, and it can also lower the chances of successful treatment.
2.        Hormonal changes in girls and women – these changes can make gums more sensitive and more susceptible to gingivitis.

3.        Diabetes – people with diabetes are at a higher risk for developing infections including gum disease.

4.        Medications – many prescribed medications can reduce saliva flow which in turn makes the mouth vulnerable to gum disease.
So how do we keep our gums healthy?
Brush your teeth twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste.
Floss daily to remove plaque between your teeth.  If you find floss difficult to use, ask your Local Redcliffe Dentist to recommend you a different product.
Visit the dentist routinely for a check up and professional cleaning.

Your Local Redcliffe Dentists at John Street Dental would love to talk to you about ways of reducing gingivitis in the hope to halting Periodontal Disease.

Call us for an appointment with one of our friendly dentists on 07 3284 4281 or Book online